The cave lion was probably predominantly found in open habitits such as steppe and grasslands although it would have also have occurred in open woodlands as well. [41], CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, "Palaeopopulations of Late Pleistocene Top Predators in Europe: Ice Age Spotted Hyenas and Steppe Lions in Battle and Competition about Prey", "The evolutionary history of extinct and living lions", Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, "Untersuchungen zur Stammesgeschichte der Pantherkatzen (, Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie, "Early Pleistocene origin and extensive intra-species diversity of the extinct cave lion", "Population Demography and Genetic Diversity in the Pleistocene Cave Lion", "Under the Skin of a Lion: Unique Evidence of Upper Paleolithic Exploitation and Use of Cave Lion (, "Chronology and faunal remains of the Khayrgas Cave (Eastern Siberia, Russia)", "Extinct lion cubs found in Siberia are up to 55,000 years old - latest test results reveal", "Meet this extinct cave lion, at least 10,000 years old - world exclusive", "Frozen Cave Lion Cubs from the Ice Age Found in Siberia", "Whiskers still bristling after more than 12,000 years in the Siberian cold", "Cute first pictures of new 50,000 year old cave lion cub found perfectly preserved in permafrost", "Extinct cave lion cub in 'perfect' condition found in Siberia rising cloning hopes", "Isotopic tracking of large carnivore palaeoecology in the mammoth steppe", "Isotopic evidence for dietary ecology of cave lion (, Prehistoric cats and prehistoric cat-like creatures, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Panthera_spelaea&oldid=987145579, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Russian-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 5 November 2020, at 05:52. This big cat didn't actually live in caves; rather, its moniker derives from the fact that Panthera leo spelaea fossils have been discovered mixed in with Cave Bear remains. [24] This shows that P. spelaea would have been up to or over 12% larger than modern lions, but still smaller than the earlier Panthera fossilis or the American lion (P. atrox). It is unclear whether P. spelaea was social like the modern lion; some evidence indicates that it may have been solitary.

http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/sci/tech/7698601.stm, http://www.sekj.org/PDF/anzf36/anzf36-093p.pdf, http://www.sdnhm.org/exhibits/mystery/fg_lion.html, http://www.beringia.com/research/lion.html, http://www.bio.usyd.edu.a.../Thylacoleobodyweight.pdf, http://findarticles.com/p...mi_qa4067/is_/ai_n9246754. Post Aug 13, 2009 #1 2009-08-13T07:34. The trouble is, a den of hibernating Cave Bears would have been virtually defenseless against roving predators; it's not as if a wide-awake sentry constantly patrolled the cave's entrance. 29. It likely competed for prey with the European Ice Age leopard (P. pardus spelaea) as well as cave hyenas, cave bears and wolves. [13][14] Results of phylogenetic studies also support this assessment. Order: Carnivora Family: Felidae Time period: late Pleistocene of North America (180 000 – 10 000 years ago) Size: 2.5 m in length, 130 cm in height, 170-350 kg of weight. [12], Results from morphological studies indicate that it is distinct in cranial and dental anatomy to justify specific status of Panthera spelaea.

American lion due to size. I had some fragment info of cave/american lion written in russian. The skeleton of an adult male found in 1985 near Siegsdorf in Germany had a shoulder height of around 1.2 m (3.9 ft) and a head-body length of 2.1 m (6.9 ft) without the tail, similar in size to large modern lions. Temporal fossil range [42][43] [28], P. spelaea formed a contiguous population from Europe to Alaska over the Bering land bridge, across the range of the mammoth steppe. It became extinct about 13,000 years ago. Despite this, the two species do not exhibit major differences in morphology. On this snowscape, a lion might seem out of place, but they are common in Europe at this time and a baby Mammoth in trouble is just the sort of thing to get this Cave Lion out of his den. Smilodon populator no contest, pound for pound it's the stronger cat and that's beside the fact it posses a 100 kg weight advantage. Upload stories, poems, character descriptions & more. The size of this male was exceeded by other specimens, with another male reaching 2.5 m (8.2 ft) long without the tail. By using ThoughtCo, you accept our, In the Near Corner: Ursus Spelaeus, the Cave Bear, In the Far Corner: Panthera Leo Spelaea, the Cave Lion, Facts and Figures About the Extinct Eurasian Cave Lion, Learn About 10 Recently Extinct Tigers and Lions. ... American Lion needs to dodge Smilodon's teeth and be fast on bitting and scratching him, keeping away from his claws too. Share your thoughts, experiences and the tales behind the art.

Bob Strauss is a science writer and the author of several books, including "The Big Book of What, How and Why" and "A Field Guide to the Dinosaurs of North America. It's a very good battle, I bet on Smilodon because he can break American Lion's bones with his two canines and stab his throat to death, he also can overpower him by strenght. [6], Felis spelaea was the scientific name used by the German paleontologist Georg August Goldfuss in 1810 for a fossil lion skull that was excavated in a cave in southern Germany. Research results indicate that the cubs were likely barely a week old at the time of their deaths, as their milk teeth had not fully erupted. Obviously, the weight of the American Lion (and any extinct animal) is estimated and this is not an exact science. In addition, the cave lion is thought to have had a very thick and dense undercoat comprising closed and compressed yellowish-to-white wavy downy hair with a smaller mass of darker-coloured guard hairs, possibly an adaptation to the Ice Age climate. Comparison with hair of a modern lion revealed that cave lion hair was probably similar in colour as that of the modern lion, though slightly lighter. The youngest known fossils are dated 11,925 years old and originated near Fairbanks, Alaska. It's almost 50/50, but Smilodon could prevail. P. spelaea is known from Paleolithic cave paintings, ivory carvings, and clay figurines.These archaeological artifacts indicate that it may have been featured in Paleolithic religious rituals.

In normal circumstances, Panthera leo spelaea would steer well clear of caves populated by Ursus spelaeus, but since the survival of the pack is at stake, the Cave Lions decide to take the risk.

One of the males whacks a Cave Lion in the head with its massive forepaw, rendering the intruder unconscious, while the other attempts to lift a second Panthera leo spelaea and give it the mother of all bear hugs--but he's waylaid by a third Cave Lion that leaps onto his back, causing the entire grunting, snarling mass of bears and lions to tumble to the ground in a big heap.

Realizing they've made a huge mistake, the marauding Cave Lions attempt to drag the dead female Cave Bear out into the snow. Actually the Lion is bigger than the Saber tooth the Lion will win. Do some research before calling someone a prick dick, Since you're that arrogant to do some actual research, here's info for ya. A quarter larger than today’s lions, the European cave lion was one of the biggest cats around 12,000 years ago. The question is, who would win a rumble between a pack of ravenous Cave Lions and a den of sleepy, irritated Cave Bears? Phylogenetic analysis of fossil bone samples revealed that it was highly distinct and genetically isolated from the modern lion (Panthera leo) occurring in Africa and Asia. All cats are runners and killers, with some trade-off between two functions. Disadvantages: As big and heavy as it was, the Cave Lion wasn't especially fast; for this reason, it was probably an ambush predator, surprising rather than actively chasing down its prey (in this respect, it was extremely similar to the contemporaneous Smilodon, aka the saber-toothed tiger ). Advantages: When it reared up on its hind legs, the Cave Bear was truly terrifying: males of the species were about 10 feet tall and weighed half a ton (females were significantly smaller, "only" about seven feet high and 500 pounds). I highly doubt that S. fatalis was more robust than P. atrox. I mean especially after looking at Ausar's post, it is obvious that P. atrox was at least on par with a smiles, and I believe its dentistry was superior to that of any smiles. While those are respectable sources, they contradict two experts (Turner and Anyonge). Reply. Lol, yes that is true, maybe I should rephrase, what I was saying is that to me what makes the lion king is the pride, which is like a following or a tribe, making the lion more powerful than what they are alone, they have a territory in which they reside,each with there own task and duties, like a kingdom, that's what I mean when I call them king of beast. A drawing in France's Chauvet cave, estimated to be 30,000 years old, depicts two cave lions walking together. Panthera leo spelaea Now, an unusually sophisticated analysis of its bones is revealing what these creatures ate—and why they may have disappeared. 10 Prehistoric Battles That Could (and Probably Did) Happen. [31] [19] Panthera spelaea evolved from P. fossilis about 460,000 years ago in central Europe during the late Saalian glaciation or early Eemian and would have been common throughout Eurasia from 450,000-14,000 years ago.

It's not a joke though.



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