Let scripture interpret scripture. It is a very important level, and although the simplest, it’s probably one of the most dangerous in that it molds, shapes, and forms our belief system. Ye Are Come to Zion by T. Austin-Sparks-Click Here. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. In mediæval literary criticism there was an accepted method of interpreting the Bible which involved 4 “levels” or “senses”. Let me give you one of the main New Testament concepts of “understanding”. It’s where we start in coming to Christ as a “little child.” This level of understanding is what molds, shapes, and forms our belief system! 4:19–31) and hidden meanings (like Rev. This is the implied mean ing of the text. In verse 18, the word comprehend [G2638/ G2596/ G2983] means to find, obtain, or perceive “down” in opposition, position or intensity. Another Sod level, the Sod of Sod, or secret of secrets, is sometimes used for the innermost meaning of the Torah as it is expounded in the philosophy of Chassidism.1 is an unfortunate error, a result of a backlash against improper allegorizing of the It represents our journey into the relationship we once had in the Garden of Eden, hence the word Pardes ~ Paradise. In order to discuss various levels of Torah interpretation we must understand how the various levels of Divine emanation manifest themselves in different domains of existence.. The fullness of God is the ultimate treasure of the Champions of the Quest. It’s the Holy Grail, the prize, the purpose, and the high calling! 24a). This (Read the Jewish Book of Formation, Sefer Yetzirah and the…… 32 Paths of Wisdom), which also opens the door to the numeric cyphering of Biblical words. Now Hagar is Mount Sinai in Arabia; she corresponds to the present Jerusalem, for she is in slavery with her children. Many biblical prophets quote other books in the bible. Col 2:17 Note that within the Peshat you can find several types of language, including figurative, symbolic and allegorical. Expanding on this passage goes beyond the scope of this post though. Posted by Josh Toupos | Classroom, Hebrew Roots (Shoreshim) | 0 |. Thus the Talmud twice warns us: “No passage loses its PASHAT” (From below). If we dis card the PASHAT we lose any real chance of an accurate under standing. As the Talmud states. revealling a deeper meaning. 2:7–16 esp. 18 May be able to comprehend with all saints what is the breadth, and length, and depth, and height; 19 And to know the love of Christ, which passeth [knowledge-#1108-gnosis], that ye might be filled with all the fullness of God. 17:7–18 to understand Rev. 36:7), [2] Let scripture interpret scripture. We are not to be afraid of reading or studying other texts. Tropological/moral (sensus tropologicus or sensus moralis)– Broader moral lesson, about things like how we should interact with one another, who were are in Christ, the ways of God, this level of understanding is usually the basis of homilies and sermons. Our Own Free Discipleship Course   In Video HD. Therefore, would it then be wrong to say that the literal Isaac and Ishmael actually represent two covenants, and that the literal Jerusalem represents the mother of us all? Gen. 4:8, Masoretic text. The rabbinic methods of interpretation are based on what they call four levels, abbreviated as PaRDeS.1 PaRDeS is an acronym of the following words: The following chapters will take a closer look at these methods. The Hebrew/Aramaic word PARDES is spelled in Hebrew and Aramaic with out vowels as PRDS. […] Remez may be allegorical, but drosh deals with parables or riddles. For instance, Biblical Some are allowed to tell, others are not. This process often involves returning the let­ters of a word to their prime-material state and giving them new form in order to reveal a hidden meaning. 21:26–26-27 where we are told of our liability regard ing eyes and teeth. Rabbinic beliefs claim that it is not necessarily identical to the apparent plain meaning of the text, but is an explanation of the text based on the tradition as it has been handed down in the Oral Torah (Mishnah and Talmud) following closely the literal meaning. 40:3 ( Log Out /  It’s a love and passion! Please read the following text taken from our article on the Eighth Day Sabbath…….. “Thus, the enclosure of the Eighth Day speaks of the revelation revealed only through intimacy and usually of a private nature. A later method of interpretation but nearly identical to the Quadriga, is the PaRDeS method which was first published in the Zohar. ����7*�v��QM�Iӷq���?���q�ǡ���~}��a{܌��~ޝ�ikbj*:ۊN���D���3�T{q�~�d It’s peering into the very core and nature of the individual words of the Bible by going back into the original languages, and other texts for the purpose of discovering and understanding intent and ideas. ( Log Out /  Bible Classes College Level For Free to Enroll   Track your progress. mdw). Are generic guidelines that can be used to determine if a passage is figurative and therefore figurative even in its Peshat .6, 2. Each layer is deeper and more intense than the last, like the layers of an onion. What happens is that the scriptures become internalized! The understanding of scripture If one starts out in Pshat, one must not stay there very long. 2:7) in the Scriptures, the first thing to look for is the literal meaning or PASHAT. (1 Corinthians 13:12 KJV), Notice the difference in “now I know, #1097=ginosko and then shall I know #1921=epiginosko; knowing vs full and comprehensive knowing and understanding, grasping. "wood"] - meaning "hidden"). & Sud. Creativity is used to search the text in rela tion to the rest of the Scrip tures, other lit er a ture, or life itself in order to develop an allegorical, typological or homiletical application of the text. 1:20–21; 1Tim. This understanding is the hidden, secret or mystic meaning of a text. The first letter of each word P-R-D-S is taken, and vowels are added for One example of many examples is the study of Jewish Mysticism, which starts out by teaching us that the letters of the Hebrew alphabet are not just letters, but actually living, creative powers! It is similar to what Protestant hermeneutics calls “Grammatical His­torical Exogesis” and also similar to what Protestant Hermeneutics calls “The Literal Principle.”. BACK TO REVELATION STUDY OF ANGELS In Hebrew, Pardes is spelled, PRDS which is also an acronym for the Hebrew words Pshat, Remez, Derasha, Sod. 1 Article on Chabad.org P'shat  (pronounced peh-shaht' - meaning The purpose of this level is to bring us into the beginnings of our understanding in Christ. It’s like the old question, “Why does anyone want to climb a mountain or go into outer space?” The answer always comes back, “Because it’s there!” It’s in our nature to explore. in its natural, normal sense using the customary meanings of the word’s being used, “This book is the Zohar, in its form a running Midrashic commentary on the Pentateuch, but interrupted by many and various digressions, and supplemented by original additions.” “Like Baḥya b. Asher’s book, but on a different basis, the Zohar also assumes four kinds of exegesis, or rather a fourfold meaning: Peshaṭ, Remez (allusion, typological sense, allegory), Derash, and Sod (secret, mystical sense).” “In formulating this doctrine of a fourfold meaning, the Christian mode of exegesis (which was well known to the Spanish Jews) probably served as a model; in this the fourfold sense…”. figurative. I’ve witnessed at times debates over whether certain passages of scripture are to be taken literally or they are to be taken symbolically, allegorically often at the expanse of the literal meaning. We study the literal history of the scriptures. We learn about memorization. We are left with a no-holds-barred game of pure imagination in which we are no longer objectively deriving mean ing from the Scriptures (exogesis), but subjectively read ing mean ing into the scriptures (eisogesis) (see 2Peter 1:20–21; 1Tim. Gal. The text can still be understood and therefore, these errors can not be seen in modern translations. It is the radiance or aura that speaks of [Sod] – the secret level. Both the rabbinic methods of interpretation called Drash and Sod are problematic for several reasons: Considering how often the ancient biblical texts had to be copied in order to safely transmit them, it is surprising that only some minor errors were introduced in the texts. Which interpretation is correct? 4. This is a teaching or exposition or application of the P'shat and/or Remez. The word denotes the ability to understand concepts and see relationships between them. 18:10), When life and action are attrib uted to an inanimate object the statement is figuartive. Because of the statement in Romans 1:20, above (in Remez), all texts are inspired if what you are looking for in them, is God ! | Die Kultur der Bibel. Where parable takes what is spiritual and makes it literal, allegory takes what is literal and makes it spiritual! The commentary for the Derash (or Drash) level is called Midrash. The fourth level, Sod, literally means secret, because of the esoteric interpretation used in the Kabbalah. It offers simple explanations of the various Mosaic Laws and rituals. figurative. Which directly is the cause and effect of our own reality on this earth! cases this could be considered comparable to a "sermon.") What the people must do is think about what is literal, then convert it to its spiritual counterpart: Which things also we speak, not in the words which man’s wisdom teacheth, but which the Holy Ghost teacheth; comparing spiritual things with spiritual (1 Corinthians 2:13 KJV). ( Log Out /  (Read Booklet Antichrist in Man:  Click Here). There are no set boundaries that say, this understanding belongs here in this level, or that understanding belongs there in that level. 5:14); allegory (like Gal. The modern manner of interpreting Biblical text is commonly called exegesis. Many do not attain to this level, because the study is very intense, and many just do not have the desire, focus, or stamina to do it.

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